The Winds of Change is a work-in-progress project making a record about a traditional country estate that has remained in the same family since the Middle Ages. There are twenty tenant cottages and nine tenant farms on the estate. The project’s main focus is on the tenants, some of whom have ancestors who farmed this land in the mid 1800s. In more recent years, a handful of cottages have been renovated and are occupied by people who do not work on the estate. The current landlord is 96. As is tradition, the whole estate will be inherited by his son.
boys in th woods
The Landowner c. 1980
The Landowner's daughter and the Land Manager
A view from a tenant farm
A tenant farm
Tenant Farmer's Siblings
Tenant farmer's son Charlie, with Dexter
Tenant farmer's son and grandson, Fred with his truck
Benjamin, tenant farmer's son
Tenant Farmer, mother to tenant farmers and grandmother.
Brothers, Fred and Henry, tenant farmer's sons
Tenant Farmer's daughters with their pony
June, a new tenant in her cottage garden
Arthur in his tenant cottage garden with four of his seven dogs.
Robert, a new tenant fixing his roof.
Mr S, 50 years a tenant farmer
“What I can name cannot really prick me”, Roland Barthes, Camera Lucida.
Coercion is about men controlling women. Since March 2015 coercive control has been a legal offence. Police advisor on coercive control, Professor Evan Stark asserts that, “Not only is coercive control the most common context in which [women] are abused, it is also the most dangerous.” In 96.2% incidents of coercive control, it is men who abuse women. Despite the new law, there is still some way to go before the majority of cases are bought to justice. Professional bodies including the police, social security, lawyers and doctors need more training and resources to bring perpetrators to account. The abuser is deceptive. He can be charming, enjoy well paid work, meet deadlines and be kind to others, while and at the same time destroy the lives of women with whom he is intimate. Moreover, the victim does not always appear vulnerable. Female professors, lawyers and even doctors have suffered coercive control. It holds no economical, intellectual, racial or social barriers. The more the abuser is able to manipulate the woman the better he feels and eventually, if he wins, the woman releases her identity. Recognising coercive control is difficult but there are clues. One explosive incident does not quantify as coercive control. The crux is the pattern of behaviour. The pattern follows this format: 1. abuse, 2. making up (often with gifts and promises not to do it again), 3. honeymoon period, 4. abuse. This pattern can be repeated over years, months, weeks, days and even hours. The Home Office defines coercive control as “acts of assault, threats, humiliation and intimidation or other abuse that is used to harm, punish, or frighten their victim.”
Below, I am quoting in full the examples of the Home Office gives because of its relevance and importance here. The Home Office characterises a perpetrator of coercive control as someone who is :-
depriving [the victim] of their basic needs; monitoring their time; monitoring a person via online communication tools or using spyware; taking control over aspects of their everyday life, such as where they can go, who they can see, what to wear and when they can sleep; depriving them of access to support services, such as specialist support or medical services; repeatedly putting them down such as telling them they are worthless; enforcing rules and activity which humiliate, degrade or dehumanise the victim; forcing the victim to take part in criminal activity such as shoplifting, neglect or abuse of children to encourage self-blame and prevent disclosure to authorities; financial abuse including control of finances, such as only allowing a person a punitive allowance; threats to hurt or kill; threats to a child; threats to reveal or publish private information (e.g. threatening to ‘out’ someone); assault; criminal damage (such as destruction of household goods); rape; preventing a person from having access to transport or from working. This is not an exhaustive list.
If you or anyone you know is a victim of coercive control, please seek help. www.freedomprogramme.co.uk Telephone 01942 262270
In Resolve I have examined the inner strength it takes to make a difficult decision; the perseverance needed to see it through and the moment of clarity of mind when the way forward, although not easy, is not as bad as it what was before. I have recognised in these swimmers their resolve be at Serpentine for dawn and to swim without wetsuits in the intense cold. There are no life guards at the Serpentine, swimmers enter the at their own risk. The raw impact on immersion shortens the breath and shocks the body. The swimmers have to override their natural desires to get out. In haste their limbs strike the surface until they find their rhythm and relax into the process. The danger of infection, cramp and hypothermia the swimmers face in the water is, in their opinion, far outweighed by the sense of freedom and release of tension they gain from the practice. It is this moment when the swimmers emerge from the water, when they are shivering and they must get warm quickly lest they catch pneumonia: this is the moment that I have captured. This is the time when the the swim is a beating memory in mind and in body. The experience is different from person to person, from swim to swim and this is reflected on the swimmers’ faces. The swimmers, now on dry land, find the future all the more achievable. It is not a decisive moment, that was before the swim. This moment is a length of time with a foreseeable and achievable end.